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neurofeedback Research

Migraine and Tension-Type Headache


Remediating Intractable Headache: An Effective Nonpharmacological Approach Employing Infralow Frequency Neuromodulation
by Stella B Legarda, Peter Andreas Michas-Martin, Dana McDermott

This paper covers a ten-year history of evolution of the clinical approach to the challenge of migraine. This paper describes how dysregulation of the hypothalamic-limbic homeostasis system accounts for the generation and clinical syndrome of transformed migraine. Three principal categories are identified that align with specific protocols. The authors conclude that "the broader implementation of this method, in conjunction with medical and adjunct therapies, will lead to decreases in morbidity, functional impairment, bedridden days and lowered work productivity for chronic migraineurs, thereby reducing the socioeconomic burden of migraine."

Front. Hum. Neurosci. 16:894856. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2022.894856

Infra-low frequency in Tension-type HA: A Crossover Sham-controlled Study
by Galina A Arina, Olga R Dobrushina, Elizaveta T Shvetsova, Ekaterina D Osina, Georgy A Meshkov, Guzel A Aziatskaya, Alexandra K Trofimova, Inga N Efremova, Sergey E Martunov, Valentina V Nikolaeva

Training was done for only ten sessions, and a standard protocol was used with all. Even so, a “strong beneficial effect of neurofeedback and no influence of the sham sessions” was found. By virtue of the design, only near-term impacts of the training could be evaluated.

Front. Hum. Neurosci. 16:891323. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2022.891323

QEEG-Guided Neurofeedback for Recurrent Migraine Headaches [pdf]
by Walker JE

Seventy-one patients with recurrent migraine headaches, aged 17-62, from one neurological practice, completed a quantitative electroencephalogram (QEEG) procedure. All QEEG results indicated an excess of high-frequency beta activity (21-30 Hz) in 1-4 cortical areas. Forty-six of the 71 patients selected neurofeedback training while the remaining 25 chose to continue on drug therapy. Neurofeedback protocols consisted of reducing 21-30 Hz activity and increasing 10 Hz activity (5 sessions for each affected site). All the patients were classified as migraine without aura.

Neurofeedback and Biofeedback with 37 Migraineurs: A Clinical Outcome Study [pdf]
by Stokes DA, Lappin MS

Traditional peripheral biofeedback has grade A evidence for effectively treating migraines. Two newer forms of neurobiofeedback, EEG biofeedback and hemoencephalography biofeedback were combined with thermal handwarming biofeedback to treat 37 migraineurs in a clinical outpatient setting.

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