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Neurofeedback Research

Biofeedback (non-EEG)


Contribution for the WABN Spring Newsletter
Reflection on the Respective Roles of Somatic Biofeedback and EEG Neurofeedback [pdf]

by Othmer S Ph.D.

This past November, I had a chance to attend two of the regional Biofeedback Society conferences, the Western Association of Biofeedback and Neuroscience’s 41st annual conference and the Northeast Region Biofeedback Society’s Annual Conference. Both reflected the emergence of new vitality within the field, with growing interest in Infra-Low Frequency neurofeedback, as well as low-level magnetic stimulation and Heart Rate Variability. On the East Coast, there was an additional emphasis on infrared thermal training of brain function, as well as virtual reality for help with fear of flying.

Biofeedback — The Ultimate Self-Help Discipline [pdf]
by Othmer S Ph.D. and Grierson C RN BCIAC

Biofeedback opens a new channel of communication between you and your own body. Becoming aware of your own body can help it to become more functional. There are two basic ways of achieving this. One is to quiet and calm the mind, so that it can become more aware of body states. An example of this is paying attention to your own breathing. The other way is to bring up the "signal level" to where it is recognizable and obvious.

Related Research

Using Biofeedback while Immersed in a Stressful Videogame Increases the Effectiveness of Stress Management Skills in Soldiers
by Bouchard S., Bernier F., Boivin E., Morin B., Robillard G.

This study assessed the efficacy of using visual and auditory biofeedback while immersed in a tridimensional videogame to practice a stress management skill (tactical breathing). All 41 participants were soldiers who had previously received basic stress management training and first aid training in combat.

Preliminary Results of an Open Label Study of Heart Rate Variability Biofeedback for the Treatment of Major Depression [abs.]
by Karavidas MK, Lehrer PM, Vaschillo E, Vaschillo B, Marin H, Buyske S, Malinovsky I, Radvanski D,
Hassett A

Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a common mood disorder that can result in significant discomfort as well as interpersonal and functional disability. A growing body of research indicates that autonomic function is altered in depression, as evidenced by impaired baroreflex sensitivity, changes in heart rate, and reduced heart rate variability (HRV).

Biofeedback Treatment for Asthma
by Lehrer PM Ph.D., Vaschillo E Ph.D., Vaschillo B M.D., Lu S-E Ph.D., Scardella A M.D. FCCP, Siddique M D.O. FCCP, Habib RH Ph.D.

An effective nonpharmacologic alternative or adjunctive treatment of asthma could provide a potentially useful contribution to asthma care. Adherence to asthma regimens tends to be low, and the resort to complementary treatments is common despite the lack of evidence for effectiveness. The long-term use of oral steroids is expensive and can have undesirable side effects.

Combined Heart Rate Variability and Pulse Oximetry Biofeedback for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Preliminary Findings [abs.]
by Giardino ND, Chan L, Borson S

The purpose of this study was to examine the feasibility of an intervention that included heart rate variability (HRV) biofeedback and walking with pulse oximetry feedback to improve functioning and quality of life for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

Learned Regulation of Spatially Localized Brain Activation Using Real-Time fMRI [pdf]
by deCharms CR, Christoff K, Glover GH, Pauly JM, Whitfield S, Gabrielia JDE

It is not currently known whether subjects can learn to voluntarily control activation in localized regions of their own brain using neuroimaging. Here, we show that subjects were able to learn enhanced voluntary control over task-specific activation in a chosen target region, the somatomotor cortex.

Ascorbic Acid and Some Other Modern Analogs of the Germ Theory
by Ely JTA Ph.D. - University of Washington

There is an almost universally held view that medicine is and should be a prestigious profession. Sadly, in recent decades, significant erosion of this view has occurred. The general nature of the erosion and other published laments are cited here. There is preponderant agreement among scientists and the lay public that medicine has an obligation to know what "is known" (ie, that given modalities have been reported in the literature by competent authors to be far superior to corresponding treatments of choice, but their adoption has been opposed without reason).

by Various Authors

Over 150 abstracts on the use of Vitamin C with Cardio-Vascular Disease, Cancer and infectious diseases. (Life Extension Foundation)

Vitamin C and Cancer - Storm of Controversy
by Calvino N D.C and Levine S Ph.D.

The World Health Organization has estimated there will be more than ten million documented new cases of cancer next year. Since 1971, according to official figures, over $1 trillion has been spent on conventional cancer research and treatment in the US. The current cost is at least $110 billion a year - over 10% of all US medical expenditures - and 2% of the entire gross national product (GNP). Despite, or perhaps because of, these unprecedented costs, the cancer establishment remains largely closed to most truly independent, innovative treatments.

Journal of Orthomolecular Medicine

The database below represents the sum total of the published papers of the Journal of Orthomolecular Medicine. This publication began as the Journal of Schizophrenia in 1967. After 1968, the name was changed to Schizophrenia, and from 1971 the name was again changed to Orthomolecular Psychiatry to reflect the increased scope of this type of therapy to other mental illnesses. In 1986, as it became clear that nutritional therapy was widely applicable to both physical as well as mental disease, the publication underwent a final change to the more inclusive Journal of Orthomolecular Medicine and is presently published as such today.

Epidemiology Shows That Vitamin C Helps Us Live Longer
© Interview with Dr. James E. Enstrom Interviewed by Richard A. Passwater Ph.D.

In May, very exciting nutrition headlines captured the interest of nearly everyone. [1,2] A long-time colleague and friend of mine, Dr. James E. Enstrom of the UCLA School of Public Health, published his latest research on how men taking vitamin C, about 300 milligrams or more per day, on average live six years longer than those who receive less than 50 milligrams of vitamin C daily.

Publications on Vitamin C (ascorbic acid)
by Cathcart RF M.D.

A remarkable increase in the tolerance to Vitamin C in ill patients has been observed. Roughly 80% of well patients will tolerate about 12 to 16 grams a day in divided doses before diarrhea is produced. These same patients will easily tolerate 30 to 60 grams a day divided in 4 to 6 gram and sometimes 8 to 12 gram doses when acutely ill. Only then does the Vitamin C always produce diarrhea. This dramatic difference in the same patient required to produce diarrhea strongly suggests an increased absorption with viral diseases for some reason.

Recent Research

Mind over chatter: Plastic up-regulation of the fMRI salience network directly after EEG neurofeedback.
Ros T, Théberge J, Frewen PA, Kluetsch R, Densmore M, Calhoun VD, and Lanius RA
NeuroImage, 65, 2013, pp 324-35

Improving Visual Perception through Neurofeedback.
Scharnowski F, Hutton C, Josephs O, Weiskopf N, and Rees G
Journal of Neuroscience, 32, 2012, pp 17830-41

The effectiveness of neurofeedback training on EEG coherence and neuropsychological functions in children with reading disability.
Nazari MA, Mosanezhad E, Hashemi T, and Jahan A
Clinical EEG and Neuroscience, 43, 2012, pp 315-22

Self-regulation of brain oscillations as a treatment for aberrant brain connections in children with autism.
Pineda JA, Juavinett A, and Datko M
Medical Hypotheses, 79, 2012, pp 790-8

Evidence-based information on the clinical use of neurofeedback for ADHD.
Moriyama TS, Polanczyk G, Caye A, Banaschewski T, Brandeis D, and Rohde LA
Neurotherapeutics, 9, 2012, pp 588-98

Current status of neurofeedback for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.
Lofthouse N, Arnold LE, and Hurt E
Current Psychiatry Reports, 14, 2012, pp 536-42

Individual alpha neurofeedback training effect on short term memory.
Nan W, Rodrigues JP, Ma J, Qu X, Wan F, Mak PI, Mak PU, Vai MI, and Rosa A
International Journal of Psychophysiology, 86, 2012, pp 83-7

Neurotherapy of traumatic brain injury/posttraumatic stress symptoms in OEF/OIF veterans.
Nelson DV, and Esty ML
Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 24, 2012, pp 237-40

Schizophrenia and the efficacy of qEEG-guided neurofeedback treatment: a clinical case series.
Surmeli T, Ertem A, Eralp E, and Kos IH
Clinical EEG and Neuroscience, 43, 2012, pp 133-44

Which attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder children will be improved through neurofeedback therapy?
Ahmadlou M, Rostami R, and Sadeghi V
Neuroscience Letters, 516, 2012, pp 156-60

Neurofeedback in children with ADHD: validation and challenges.
Gevensleben H, Rothenberger A, Moll GH, and Heinrich H
Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics, 12, 2012, pp 447-60

Taking back the brain: could neurofeedback training be effective for relieving distressing auditory verbal hallucinations in patients with schizophrenia?
McCarthy-Jones S
Schizophrenia Bulletin, 38, 2012, pp 678-82

A review of neurofeedback treatment for pediatric ADHD.
Lofthouse N, Arnold LE, Hersch S, Hurt E, and DeBeus R
Journal of Attention Disorders, 16, 2012, pp 351-72